This 70th week of Daniel Bible study focuses on how Messiah fulfilled all that was purposed in Daniel 9:24
The reason this is so important is that many Pastors teach that because the Jews didn’t accept their promised Messiah, and because they did not fulfill Elohim’s requirements in verse 24; then they must be given more time to do it, which they teach will happen during the supposed 7-year tribulation period.
Let’s look at the purposes for the 70th week of Daniel, to see that it’s impossible for the Jews, or anyone, to fulfill the demands.
You will see that only Messiah the Prince, the Lamb of Elohim, could fulfill them; which invalidates Pastors argument that the Jews will do it.
Before we go through these purposes to see how Messiah fulfilled them, let’s look at the proper context.
Prior to this prophecy, the Israelites had failed to keep Elohim’s commandments to them, which resulted in His punishing them:
Solomon worshiped the false gods of his foreign wives, which caused the Father to split the kingdom in two, the House of Israel and the House of Judah.
The northern House of Israel fell into worshiping the false gods of the Assyrians, so the Father caused the Assyrians to attack and scatter them.
The southern House of Judah (the Jews) fell into worshiping the false gods of the Babylonians, so the Father caused the Babylonians to kill those who resisted, and take captive those who cooperated. They were in captivity for 70 years, which is when the 70 weeks of Daniel prophecy was given.
Through all of these calamities, there was always a faithful remnant who believed in the Father by faith, such as Daniel and Isaiah.
But the majority sought to fulfill the law out of their flesh and they always failed, for “flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God” 1 Corinthians 15:50
So now the Father was giving the Jews 490 years to reconcile with Him and accept their coming Messiah.
The Father had punished them for 70 years, but His compassion caused Him to give them 490 years to reconcile with Him.
The simple context of the 70th week of Daniel is that the coming Messiah would offer salvation through the New Covenant to the House of Israel and the House of Judah.
“Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.” Jeremiah 31:31
“The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.” Romans 11:26
Those who accepted Him as their Messiah, the true Israelites of Elohim would be saved. They would be saved to eternal life, but they would also be saved when they escaped the desolation of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., fulfilling the prophecy “so all Israel will be saved.”
Those that rejected Him as their Messiah would be lost in their sins, and they would be desolated at the hands of the Roman army.
Here’s the purposes of the 70th weeks of Daniel prophecy that are given in Daniel 9:24.
“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”
The prophet Daniel would have known the writings of Isaiah, and when you read Isaiah 53, which is a prophecy about the coming Messiah, you see many of the words that are used in Daniel 9:24-27, which also point to Messiah.
He was wounded for our transgressions.
The Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all
For He was cut off. (Daniel 9:26 says “Messiah shall be cut off“)
For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
My righteous Servant shall justify many. (Daniel 27 says “he shall confirm a covenant with many“)
For He shall bear their iniquities.
And He bore the sin of many.
And made intercession for the transgressors.
To finish the transgression.
A remnant of Jews returned to rebuild the temple and the city, but a majority did not repent of their sins and stayed in Babylon even after they were set free.
During his ministry, most of them rejected their promised Messiah.
In Messiah’s condemnation of the Jewish leaders He said, “Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt. Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?” Matthew 23:31-33
The ultimate transgression of the Hebrew people is expressed by Peter: “The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified His Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let Him go. But you denied the Holy One and the Just, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses.” Acts 3:13-15
In what marked their final rejection of their Messiah, the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem killed Stephen after he proclaimed, “You stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so do you. Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who foretold the coming of the Just One, of whom you now have become the betrayers and murderers, who have received the law by the direction of angels and have not kept it.” Acts 7:51-52
In Matthew 21:33-46 Messiah told the parable of the Wicked Vinedressers. In verse 43, Messiah told the Jews, “Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.”
This was fulfilled after the New Covenant was preached to the Jews for 7 years, then after Stephen was stoned to death, the message of the Gospel went to the nations (Gentiles).
Thus we see that the “thy people” of Daniel 9 24 included the very ones who were responsible for the death of their Messiah. The National transgression was complete.
Let’s now look at how Messiah fulfilled the demand to finish the transgression.
“He was taken from prison and from judgment, And who will declare His generation? For He was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgressions of my people He was stricken.” Isaiah 53:8
“Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” Isaiah 53:12
“So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.” John 19:30
“And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.” Hebrews 9:15
To make an end of sins.
No man can stop sinning, so it’s impossible that the Jews could make an end of sins.
Let’s now look at how Messiah made an end of sins.
“The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” John 1:29
“For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God.” Romans 6:10
“For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,” Romans 8:2-3
“For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.” Hebrews 9:26
“Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.” Hebrews 9:28
“And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God.” Hebrews 10:11-12
“This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them,” then He adds, “Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.” Hebrews 10:16-17
“For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit.” 1 Peter 3:18
“And you know that He was manifested to TAKE AWAY OUR SINS, and in Him there is no sin.”1 John 3:5
To make reconciliation for iniquity.
No man can make reconciliation for their sins, so this can’t apply to the Jews, only to our Savior.
Isaiah 53:5 foretold Messiah’s fulfillment, “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.”
“For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.” Romans 5:10-11
“Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation, that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.” Corinthians 5:18-19
“For it pleased the Father that in Him all the fullness should dwell, and by Him to reconcile all things to Himself, by Him, whether things on earth or things in heaven, having made peace through the blood of His cross. And you, who once were alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now He has reconciled in the body of His flesh through death, to present you holy, and blameless, and above reproach in His sight.” Colossians 1:19-22
“Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.” Hebrews 2:17
Reconciliation for iniquity was accomplished by the sacrificial death of Messiah as the Lamb of Elohim.
To bring in everlasting righteousness.
No man could ever bring in everlasting righteousness, so this can’t apply to the Jews, only to our Savior.
Everlasting righteousness was what our Messiah manifested in His sinless life, and by His life, death, and resurrection, He has made everlasting righteousness available to all who accept it by faith.
“But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe.” Romans 3:21-22
“But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God–and righteousness and sanctification and redemption.” 1 Corinthians 1:30
“For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” 2 Corinthians 5:21
“For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.” Hebrews 8:12
“Who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness–by whose stripes you were healed.” 1 Peter 2:24
Is there any doubt that He ushered in everlasting righteousness?
To seal up the vision and prophecy.
Man cannot seal up the vision or prophecy, so this can’t apply to the Jews.
The Mosaic Law and covenant pointed to Messiah. He sealed them up, that is, he accomplished them, answered to them to a tittle; all things that were written in the law, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning the Messiah, were fulfilled in him.
“Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.” Matthew 5:17
To anoint the Most Holy.
Only Elohim can anoint the Most Holy. The returning Jews rebuilt the temple, but it was never anointed by the Father, the Ark of the Covenant was never placed there, and the Father’s presence didn’t fill the temple.
Messiah fulfilled this when He came in the flesh and our High Priest was anointed.
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised. To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4:18-19,21
“Now there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are–the Holy One of God!” Mark 1:23-24
“How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.” Acts 10:38
In summary: All six of these purposes were fulfilled during the 70th week of Daniel. Messiah has fulfilled everything that He commanded the Jews to do.
In the words of the Messiah, “it is finished” John 19:30
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